Mortality > Table > Interpret

## Interpretation of Death Rates Data

### Death Rate Report for Pennsylvania by CountyAll Cancer Sites, 2022All Races (includes Hispanic), Both Sexes, All AgesSorted by Recentaapc

Explanation of Column Headers

Objective - The objective of 122.7 is from the Healthy People 2020 project done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Death Rate (95% Confidence Interval) - The death rate is based upon 100,000 people and is for 1 year(s). Rates are age-adjusted by 5-year age groups to the 2000 U.S. standard million population (the Healthy People 2020 goals are based on rates adjusted using different methods but the differences should be minimal).

Recent Trends - This is an interpretation of the AAPC:

• Rising when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is above 0.
• Stable when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change includes 0.
• Falling when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is below 0.

AAPC (95% Confidence Interval) - The Average Annual Percent Change is the change in rate over time. These AAPCs are based upon APCs that were calculated by Joinpoint Regression Program

Other Notes

• Larger confidence intervals indicate less stability of the data. This is often due to low counts that are not quite low enough to be suppressed.
• Data is currently being suppressed if there are fewer than 16 counts for the time period.

Line by Line Interpretation of the Report

#### Pennsylvania

• 2023 Rural-Urban Continuum Codes Φ : N/A
• Met Healthy People Objective of 122.7? : No
• Rate : The death rate is 148.0 with a 95% confidence interval from 146.3 to 149.8 and 27,647 average annual deaths over 2022.
• CI*Rank ⋔ : N/A
• Recent Trend : The trend is because the trend is -1.6 with a 95% confidence interval from -1.6 to -1.5.

#### United States

• 2023 Rural-Urban Continuum Codes Φ : N/A
• Met Healthy People Objective of 122.7? : No
• Rate : The death rate is 142.0 with a 95% confidence interval from 141.6 to 142.4 and 608,366 average annual deaths over 2022.
• CI*Rank ⋔ : N/A
• Recent Trend : The trend is because the trend is -1.5 with a 95% confidence interval from -1.6 to -1.4.

Notes:
Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 09/17/2024 8:43 pm.

State Cancer Registries may provide more current or more local data.
Trend
Rising when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is above 0.
Stable when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change includes 0.
Falling when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is below 0.

† Death data provided by the National Vital Statistics System public use data file. Death rates calculated by the National Cancer Institute using SEER*Stat. Death rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84, 85+). The Healthy People 2030 goals are based on rates adjusted using different methods but the differences should be minimal. Population counts for denominators are based on Census populations as modified by NCI.
The US Population Data File is used with mortality data.
‡ The Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC) is based on the APCs calculated by Joinpoint. Due to data availability issues, the time period used in the calculation of the joinpoint regression model may differ for selected counties.

⋔ Results presented with the CI*Rank statistics help show the usefulness of ranks. For example, ranks for relatively rare diseases or less populated areas may be essentially meaningless because of their large variability, but ranks for more common diseases in densely populated regions can be very useful. More information about methodology can be found on the CI*Rank website.

Healthy People 2030 Objectives provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Φ Rural-Urban Continuum Codes provided by the USDA.

Please note that the data comes from different sources. Due to different years of data availability, most of the trends are AAPCs based on APCs but some are APCs calculated in SEER*Stat. Please refer to the source for each graph for additional information.

Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.