## Interpretation of Death Rates Data

### Death Rate Report for Puerto Rico

Colon & Rectum, 2011-2015

All Races (includes Hispanic), Both Sexes, All Ages

Sorted by Rate

**Explanation of Column Headers**

**Objective** - The objective of 14.5 is from the Healthy People 2020 project done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

**Death Rate (95% Confidence Interval)** - The death rate is based upon 100,000 people and is for 5 year(s). Rates are age-adjusted by 5-year age groups to the 2000 U.S. standard million population (the Healthy People 2020 goals are based on rates adjusted using different methods but the differences should be minimal).

**Recent Trends** - This is an interpretation of the AAPC:

**Rising**when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is above 0.**Stable**when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change includes 0.**Falling**when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is below 0.

**AAPC (95% Confidence Interval)** - The Average Annual Percent Change is the change in rate over time. These AAPCs are based upon APCs that were calculated by Joinpoint Regression Program

**Other Notes**

**Line by Line Interpretation of the Report**

#### Puerto Rico (8)

- Met Healthy People Objective of 14.5? : No
- Rate : The death rate is 15.5 with a 95% confidence interval from 15.0 to 16.0 and 693 average annual deaths over 2011-2015.
- Recent Trend : The trend is stable because the trend is -1.8 with a 95% confidence interval from -8.0 to 4.8.

#### United States

- Met Healthy People Objective of 14.5? : Yes
- Rate : The death rate is 14.5 with a 95% confidence interval from 14.4 to 14.5 and 51,832 average annual deaths over 2011-2015.
- Recent Trend : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.4 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.6 to -2.2.

**Notes:**

Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 04/20/2019 2:23 pm.

State Cancer Registries may provide more current or more local data.

**Rising**when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is above 0.

**Stable**when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change includes 0.

**Falling**when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is below 0.

† Death rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84, 85+). Rates calculated using SEER*Stat. Population counts for denominators are based on Census populations as modified by NCI. The 1969-2015 US Population Data File is used for mortality data.

^{‡}The Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC) is based on the APCs calculated by Joinpoint. Due to data availability issues, the time period used in the calculation of the joinpoint regression model may differ for selected counties.

Healthy People 2020 Objectives provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

^{8}Due to data availability issues, the time period used in the calculation of the joinpoint regression model may differ for selected counties.

Please note that the data comes from different sources. Due to different years of data availablility, most of the trends are AAPCs based on APCs but some are APCs calculated in SEER*Stat. Please refer to the source for each graph for additional information.

Interpret Rankings provides insight into interpreting cancer incidence statistics. When the population size for a denominator is small, the rates may be unstable. A rate is unstable when a small change in the numerator (e.g., only one or two additional cases) has a dramatic effect on the calculated rate.

Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.