Mortality > Table > Interpret

## Interpretation of Rate/Trend Comparison by Cancer Data

### Death Rate/Trend Comparison by Cancer, 2015-2019Washington Counties versus United StatesProstateAll Races, Male

Explanation of Column Headers

State/County - The site and sex combination for this comparison.

Priority Index 1 - The priority index is based upon the direction of the trend and the rate comparison. An index of 1 is the highest priority - that trend is rising and the rate is already higher. An index of 9 is the lowest priority - the trend is falling and the rate is already lower.

Recent Trends - This is an interpretation of the AAPC:

• Rising when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is above 0.
• Stable when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change includes 0.
• Falling when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is below 0.

AAPC (95% Confidence Interval) - The Average Annual Percent Change is the change in rate over time. These AAPCs are based upon APCs that were calculated by Joinpoint Regression Program

Other Notes

• Larger confidence intervals indicate less stability of the data. This is often due to low counts that are not quite low enough to be suppressed.
• Data is currently being suppressed if there are fewer than 16 counts for the time period.

Line by Line Interpretation of the Report

#### United States

• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is because the trend is -0.4 with a 95% confidence interval from -1.1 to 0.2.
• Rate : The death rate is 18.9 with a 95% confidence interval from 18.8 to 19.0 and 30,566 average annual deaths.

#### Washington

• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is because the trend is 0.1 with a 95% confidence interval from -1.4 to 1.7.
• Rate : The death rate is 20.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 19.6 to 20.9 and 707 average annual deaths.

#### Clallam County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 4.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is stable because the trend is -1.1 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.6 to 0.3.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is higher compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 24.8 with a 95% confidence interval from 20.0 to 30.9 and 18 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3

#### Clark County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 5.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.1 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.9 to -1.3.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is higher compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 22.3 with a 95% confidence interval from 19.5 to 25.4 and 47 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.2

#### Pierce County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 5.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.3 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.9 to -1.8.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is higher compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 21.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 19.1 to 23.5 and 78 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Skagit County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 5.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -1.2 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.4 to 0.0.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is higher compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 24.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 19.6 to 29.6 and 20 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3

#### Stevens County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 5.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.5 with a 95% confidence interval from -4.1 to -0.8.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is higher compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 27.3 with a 95% confidence interval from 19.6 to 37.4 and 9 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.4

#### Mason County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 6.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is stable because the trend is -0.7 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.4 to 1.1.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 24.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 18.0 to 32.0 and 11 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3

#### Pacific County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 6.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is stable because the trend is -1.4 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.4 to 0.5.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 25.0 with a 95% confidence interval from 15.7 to 39.6 and 5 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3

#### Walla Walla County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 6.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is stable because the trend is -0.9 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.5 to 0.9.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 25.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 18.4 to 33.9 and 9 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3

#### Benton County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.3 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.2 to -1.4.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 21.0 with a 95% confidence interval from 16.9 to 25.8 and 18 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Chelan County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -3.3 with a 95% confidence interval from -4.4 to -2.1.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 17.6 with a 95% confidence interval from 12.4 to 24.2 and 8 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 0.9

#### Cowlitz County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.5 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.7 to -1.3.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 24.0 with a 95% confidence interval from 18.8 to 30.3 and 15 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3

#### Franklin County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -7.0 with a 95% confidence interval from -9.4 to -4.6.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 15.1 with a 95% confidence interval from 8.9 to 23.6 and 4 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 0.8

#### Grant County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -1.7 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.4 to 0.0.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 21.3 with a 95% confidence interval from 15.5 to 28.5 and 9 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Grays Harbor County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.7 with a 95% confidence interval from -4.0 to -1.4.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 21.1 with a 95% confidence interval from 15.6 to 28.1 and 10 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Island County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -1.9 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.5 to -0.2.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 21.7 with a 95% confidence interval from 16.8 to 27.8 and 14 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Jefferson County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.7 with a 95% confidence interval from -4.5 to -0.9.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 19.9 with a 95% confidence interval from 13.7 to 30.0 and 7 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### King County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -3.0 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.4 to -2.6.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 18.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 16.9 to 19.5 and 163 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.0

#### Kitsap County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.6 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.4 to -1.8.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 20.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 16.9 to 23.9 and 28 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Kittitas County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.9 with a 95% confidence interval from -4.9 to -1.0.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 19.9 with a 95% confidence interval from 12.7 to 29.8 and 5 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Lewis County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.5 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.7 to -1.2.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 23.3 with a 95% confidence interval from 17.6 to 30.3 and 12 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.2

#### Snohomish County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.5 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.2 to -1.9.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 20.2 with a 95% confidence interval from 18.0 to 22.6 and 64 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Spokane County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.5 with a 95% confidence interval from -2.9 to -2.1.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 20.1 with a 95% confidence interval from 17.6 to 22.8 and 50 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Thurston County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.7 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.6 to -1.8.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 18.8 with a 95% confidence interval from 15.7 to 22.4 and 26 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.0

#### Whatcom County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.4 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.4 to -1.4.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 20.6 with a 95% confidence interval from 17.0 to 24.7 and 24 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1

#### Yakima County

• Priority Index(1) : The priority index is 8.
• Recent Trend(2) : The trend is falling because the trend is -2.5 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.3 to -1.7.
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 18.8 with a 95% confidence interval from 15.3 to 22.8 and 21 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.0
Douglas County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 21.5 with a 95% confidence interval from 13.7 to 32.2 and 5 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.1
Klickitat County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 24.4 with a 95% confidence interval from 14.5 to 39.6 and 4 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3
Okanogan County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 23.7 with a 95% confidence interval from 16.0 to 34.1 and 6 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.3
San Juan County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : This death rate is similar compared to the US rate
• Rate : The death rate is 19.6 with a 95% confidence interval from 11.1 to 36.2 and 3 average annual deaths.
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : The rate ratio is 1.0
Adams County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Asotin County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Columbia County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Ferry County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Garfield County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Lincoln County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Pend Oreille County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Skamania County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Wahkiakum County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *
Whitman County
• Priority Index(1) : The priority index cannot be determined.
• Recent Trend(2) : **
• County Death Rate Compared to US Rate : *
• Rate : *
• Rate Ratio(3) County to US : *

Notes:
Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 09/20/2021 1:38 pm.

Trend2
Rising    when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is above 0.
Stable    when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change includes 0.
Falling    when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is below 0.
Rate Comparison
Above    when 95% confident the rate is above and Rate Ratio3 > 1.10
Similar    when unable to conclude above or below with confidence.
Below    when 95% confident the rate is below and Rate Ratio3 < 0.90

* Data has been suppressed to ensure confidentiality and stability of rate and trend estimates.
** Data are too sparse to provide stable estimates of annual rates needed to calculate trend.
1 Priority indices were created by ordering from rates that are rising and above the comparison rate to rates that are falling and below the comparison rate.
2 Recent trend in death rates is usually an Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC) based on the APCs calculated by Joinpoint Version 4.8.0.0. Due to data availability issues, the time period and/or calculation method used in the calculation of the trends may differ for selected geographic areas.
3 Rate ratio is the county rate divided by the US rate. Previous versions of this table used one-year rates for states and five-year rates for counties. As of June 2018, only five-year rates are used.
Source: Death data provided by the National Vital Statistics System public use data file. Death rates calculated by the National Cancer Institute using SEER*Stat. Death rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84, 85+). The Healthy People 2020 goals are based on rates adjusted using different methods but the differences should be minimal. Population counts for denominators are based on Census populations as modified by NCI. The 1969-2018 US Population Data File is used with mortality data.
Note: When the population size for a denominator is small, the rates may be unstable. A rate is unstable when a small change in the numerator (e.g., only one or two additional cases) has a dramatic effect on the calculated rate. Suppression is used to avoid misinterpretation when rates are unstable.

State Cancer Registries may provide more current or more local data. Data presented on the State Cancer Profiles Web Site may differ from statistics reported by the State Cancer Registries (for more information).

Data for the following has been suppressed to ensure confidentiality and stability of rate and trend estimates:
Adams County, Asotin County, Columbia County, Ferry County, Garfield County, Lincoln County, Pend Oreille County, Skamania County, Wahkiakum County, Whitman County

Trend for the following could not be reliably determined due to small number of deaths per year:
Douglas County, Klickitat County, Okanogan County, San Juan County

Interpret Rankings provides insight into interpreting cancer statistics. When the population size for a denominator is small, the rates may be unstable. A rate is unstable when a small change in the numerator (e.g., only one or two additional cases) has a dramatic effect on the calculated rate.

Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.