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Interpretation of Rate/Trend Comparison by Cancer Data

Death Rate/Trend Comparison by Cancer, 2015-2019

Texas Counties versus United States

Leukemia

All Races, Both Sexes

Explanation of Column Headers

State/County - The site and sex combination for this comparison.

Priority Index 1 - The priority index is based upon the direction of the trend and the rate comparison. An index of 1 is the highest priority - that trend is rising and the rate is already higher. An index of 9 is the lowest priority - the trend is falling and the rate is already lower.

Recent Trends - This is an interpretation of the AAPC:

AAPC (95% Confidence Interval) - The Average Annual Percent Change is the change in rate over time. These AAPCs are based upon APCs that were calculated by Joinpoint Regression Program


Other Notes


Line by Line Interpretation of the Report


United States


Texas


Anderson County


Bastrop County


Bell County


Bowie County


Collin County


Comal County


Denton County


Ellis County


Grayson County


Harrison County


Henderson County


Hunt County


Liberty County


Lubbock County


Orange County


Polk County


Potter County


Randall County


Rusk County


Taylor County


Tom Green County


Van Zandt County


Victoria County


Walker County


Wichita County


Wood County


Midland County


Angelina County


Bexar County


Brazoria County


Brazos County


Cameron County


Dallas County


Galveston County


Gregg County


Guadalupe County


Hardin County


Harris County


Hood County


Jefferson County


Johnson County


Kaufman County


McLennan County


Montgomery County


Nueces County


San Patricio County


Smith County


Tarrant County


Webb County


Williamson County


Ector County


El Paso County


Fort Bend County


Hidalgo County


Travis County


Atascosa County Bee County Brown County Colorado County Cooke County Coryell County Fannin County Fayette County Gillespie County Hays County Hill County Houston County Jim Wells County Kendall County Kerr County Lamar County Nacogdoches County Navarro County Parker County Rockwall County Upshur County Wharton County Wilson County Wise County Andrews County Aransas County Archer County Armstrong County Austin County Bailey County Bandera County Baylor County Blanco County Borden County Bosque County Brewster County Briscoe County Brooks County Burleson County Burnet County Caldwell County Calhoun County Callahan County Camp County Carson County Cass County Castro County Chambers County Cherokee County Childress County Clay County Cochran County Coke County Coleman County Collingsworth County Comanche County Concho County Cottle County Crane County Crockett County Crosby County Culberson County Dallam County Dawson County DeWitt County Deaf Smith County Delta County Dickens County Dimmit County Donley County Duval County Eastland County Edwards County Erath County Falls County Fisher County Floyd County Foard County Franklin County Freestone County Frio County Gaines County Garza County Glasscock County Goliad County Gonzales County Gray County Grimes County Hale County Hall County Hamilton County Hansford County Hardeman County Hartley County Haskell County Hemphill County Hockley County Hopkins County Howard County Hudspeth County Hutchinson County Irion County Jack County Jackson County Jasper County Jeff Davis County Jim Hogg County Jones County Karnes County Kenedy County Kent County Kimble County King County Kinney County Kleberg County Knox County La Salle County Lamb County Lampasas County Lavaca County Lee County Leon County Limestone County Lipscomb County Live Oak County Llano County Loving County Lynn County Madison County Marion County Martin County Mason County Matagorda County Maverick County McCulloch County McMullen County Medina County Menard County Milam County Mills County Mitchell County Montague County Moore County Morris County Motley County Newton County Nolan County Ochiltree County Oldham County Palo Pinto County Panola County Parmer County Pecos County Presidio County Rains County Reagan County Real County Red River County Reeves County Refugio County Roberts County Robertson County Runnels County Sabine County San Augustine County San Jacinto County San Saba County Schleicher County Scurry County Shackelford County Shelby County Sherman County Somervell County Starr County Stephens County Sterling County Stonewall County Sutton County Swisher County Terrell County Terry County Throckmorton County Titus County Trinity County Tyler County Upton County Uvalde County Val Verde County Waller County Ward County Washington County Wheeler County Wilbarger County Willacy County Winkler County Yoakum County Young County Zapata County Zavala County

Notes:
Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 12/02/2021 8:53 am.

Trend2
     Rising     when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is above 0.
     Stable     when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change includes 0.
     Falling     when 95% confidence interval of average annual percent change is below 0.
Rate Comparison
     Above     when 95% confident the rate is above and Rate Ratio3 > 1.10
     Similar     when unable to conclude above or below with confidence.
     Below     when 95% confident the rate is below and Rate Ratio3 < 0.90

* Data has been suppressed to ensure confidentiality and stability of rate and trend estimates.
** Data are too sparse to provide stable estimates of annual rates needed to calculate trend.
1 Priority indices were created by ordering from rates that are rising and above the comparison rate to rates that are falling and below the comparison rate.
2 Recent trend in death rates is usually an Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC) based on the APCs calculated by Joinpoint Version 4.8.0.0. Due to data availability issues, the time period and/or calculation method used in the calculation of the trends may differ for selected geographic areas.
3 Rate ratio is the county rate divided by the US rate. Previous versions of this table used one-year rates for states and five-year rates for counties. As of June 2018, only five-year rates are used.
Source: Death data provided by the National Vital Statistics System public use data file. Death rates calculated by the National Cancer Institute using SEER*Stat. Death rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84, 85+). The Healthy People 2020 goals are based on rates adjusted using different methods but the differences should be minimal. Population counts for denominators are based on Census populations as modified by NCI. The 1969-2018 US Population Data File is used with mortality data.
Note: When the population size for a denominator is small, the rates may be unstable. A rate is unstable when a small change in the numerator (e.g., only one or two additional cases) has a dramatic effect on the calculated rate. Suppression is used to avoid misinterpretation when rates are unstable.

State Cancer Registries may provide more current or more local data. Data presented on the State Cancer Profiles Web Site may differ from statistics reported by the State Cancer Registries (for more information).

Data for the following has been suppressed to ensure confidentiality and stability of rate and trend estimates:
Andrews County, Aransas County, Archer County, Armstrong County, Austin County, Bailey County, Bandera County, Baylor County, Blanco County, Borden County, Bosque County, Brewster County, Briscoe County, Brooks County, Burleson County, Burnet County, Caldwell County, Calhoun County, Callahan County, Camp County, Carson County, Cass County, Castro County, Chambers County, Cherokee County, Childress County, Clay County, Cochran County, Coke County, Coleman County, Collingsworth County, Comanche County, Concho County, Cottle County, Crane County, Crockett County, Crosby County, Culberson County, Dallam County, Dawson County, DeWitt County, Deaf Smith County, Delta County, Dickens County, Dimmit County, Donley County, Duval County, Eastland County, Edwards County, Erath County, Falls County, Fisher County, Floyd County, Foard County, Franklin County, Freestone County, Frio County, Gaines County, Garza County, Glasscock County, Goliad County, Gonzales County, Gray County, Grimes County, Hale County, Hall County, Hamilton County, Hansford County, Hardeman County, Hartley County, Haskell County, Hemphill County, Hockley County, Hopkins County, Howard County, Hudspeth County, Hutchinson County, Irion County, Jack County, Jackson County, Jasper County, Jeff Davis County, Jim Hogg County, Jones County, Karnes County, Kenedy County, Kent County, Kimble County, King County, Kinney County, Kleberg County, Knox County, La Salle County, Lamb County, Lampasas County, Lavaca County, Lee County, Leon County, Limestone County, Lipscomb County, Live Oak County, Llano County, Loving County, Lynn County, Madison County, Marion County, Martin County, Mason County, Matagorda County, Maverick County, McCulloch County, McMullen County, Medina County, Menard County, Milam County, Mills County, Mitchell County, Montague County, Moore County, Morris County, Motley County, Newton County, Nolan County, Ochiltree County, Oldham County, Palo Pinto County, Panola County, Parmer County, Pecos County, Presidio County, Rains County, Reagan County, Real County, Red River County, Reeves County, Refugio County, Roberts County, Robertson County, Runnels County, Sabine County, San Augustine County, San Jacinto County, San Saba County, Schleicher County, Scurry County, Shackelford County, Shelby County, Sherman County, Somervell County, Starr County, Stephens County, Sterling County, Stonewall County, Sutton County, Swisher County, Terrell County, Terry County, Throckmorton County, Titus County, Trinity County, Tyler County, Upton County, Uvalde County, Val Verde County, Waller County, Ward County, Washington County, Wheeler County, Wilbarger County, Willacy County, Winkler County, Yoakum County, Young County, Zapata County, Zavala County

Trend for the following could not be reliably determined due to small number of deaths per year:
Atascosa County, Bee County, Brown County, Colorado County, Cooke County, Coryell County, Fannin County, Fayette County, Gillespie County, Hays County, Hill County, Houston County, Jim Wells County, Kendall County, Kerr County, Lamar County, Nacogdoches County, Navarro County, Parker County, Rockwall County, Upshur County, Wharton County, Wilson County, Wise County


Interpret Rankings provides insight into interpreting cancer statistics. When the population size for a denominator is small, the rates may be unstable. A rate is unstable when a small change in the numerator (e.g., only one or two additional cases) has a dramatic effect on the calculated rate.

Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.