5-Year Rate Changes > Interpret

## Interpretation of 5-Year Rate Changes Data

#### 5-Year Rate Changes - Mortality

Kentucky, 2016-2020

All Ages, Both Sexes, Black (Non-Hisp)

Bar graph with 20 items Since the overall trend is

**negative**(-2.60 with a 95% confidence interval from -3.20 to -2.00 ), the overall cancer rate is

**falling**.

The following cancers could not be calculated due to insufficient counts:

- Bladder
- Brain & ONS
- Cervix (Female)
- Esophagus
- Kidney & Renal Pelvis
- Melanoma of the Skin
- Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
- Oral Cavity & Pharynx
- Ovary (Female)
- Thyroid
- Uterus (Corp/Uterus NOS) (Fem)

**Stable**when 95% confidence interval of annual percent change includes 0.

The rate for the following cancers

**was statistically stable**in the time period:

- Pancreas with a trend of -0.6 and a 95% confidence interval from -1.3 to 0.2.

**Rising**when 95% confidence interval of annual percent change is above 0.

The rate for the following cancers

**rose**in the time period:

- Liver & Bile Duct with a trend of 1.4# and a 95% confidence interval from 0.3 to 2.5.

**Falling**when 95% confidence interval of annual percent change is below 0.

The rate for the following cancers

**fell**in the time period:

- Lung & Bronchus with a trend of -5.6# and a 95% confidence interval from -7.0 to -4.2.
- Prostate (Male) with a trend of -3.2# and a 95% confidence interval from -3.9 to -2.6.
- Stomach with a trend of -2.9# and a 95% confidence interval from -4.0 to -1.8.
- Colon & Rectum with a trend of -2.5# and a 95% confidence interval from -3.0 to -2.0.
- Breast (Female) with a trend of -1.8# and a 95% confidence interval from -2.5 to -1.2.
- Leukemia with a trend of -1.0# and a 95% confidence interval from -1.8 to -0.2.

**Notes:**

Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 12/11/2023 1:16 pm.

Source: Death data provided by the National Vital Statistics System public use data file. Death rates calculated by the National Cancer Institute using SEER*Stat . Death rates (deaths per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84, 85+). Population counts for denominators are based on Census populations as modified by NCI. The US Population Data File is used with mortality data.

AAPCs are calculated by the Joinpoint Regression Program and are based on APCs. Data are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84,85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ or unless otherwise specified. Population counts for denominators are based on Census populations as modifed by NCI. The US Population Data File is used with SEER November 2021 data. Rates are computed using cancers classified as malignant based on ICD-O-3. For more information see malignant.html. Please note that the data comes from different sources. Due to different years of data availablility, most of the trends are AAPCs based on APCs but some are EAPCs calculated in SEER*Stat. Please refer to the source for each graph for additional information.

Statistics for minorities may be affected by inconsistent race identification between the cancer case reports (sources for numerator of rate) and data from the Census Bureau (source for denominator of rate); and from undercounts of some population groups in the census.