Screening and Risk Factors Table

New: County level modeled estimates for breast or cervical screening, smoking, and colorectal screening.
  • How do you find them?

    These estimates are only available for

    • Mammogram in Past 2 Years, Age 40+
    • Pap Smear in Past 3 Years, No Hysterectomy, Ages 18+
    • Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Past 2 Years, Ages 50+
    • Ever Had Colorectal Endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy), Ages 50+
    • Ever Had Colorectal Cancer Test (home-based FOBT in the past two years or ever had a colorectal endoscopy), Ages 50+
    • Smokers (current or ever), Age 18+

    Select one of those statistics in the Screening and Risk Factors drop-down, and then you can choose County-Level Modeled Estimates in the Data Type drop-down when you choose Counties for a specific state (e.g., Alabama Counties) in the Area drop-down.

    For more about what these estimates are, see the Data Type Explanation.

  • Why are they different?

    One difference is that the direct estimate is from data collected in one year, while the modeled estimate relies on pooled data from 2008 through 2010.

    Another difference is that the modeled estimates use data from BRFSS as well as another survey (NHIS) that has a smaller but more representative sample, in that NHIS includes people without phones or with only cell phones. The national cancer screening prevalence estimates based on the BRFSS was sometimes substantially larger than the NHIS estimates for the same time period1. For similar time periods, the modeled estimates may be closer to the true value.

    See the Data Type Explanation.

    The model uses multiple years (2008-2010) to provide reasonable sample sizes (mainly for estimates at the county level), and needs at least two years of data from each survey. For the screening questions, data actually came from year 2008 and 2010. For smoking, data came from each year of 2008 to 2010.

    1 Davis WW, Parsons VL, Xie D, Schenker N, Town M, Raghunathan TE, Feuer EJ. State-based estimates of mammography screening rates based on information from two health surveys. Public Health Rep 2010 Jul-Aug;125(4):567-578. [Access article]

Data Options

Screening and Risk Factors Report by State
(Directly Estimated 2019 BRFSS Data)

Current Smoker
All Races (includes Hispanic), Both Sexes, Ages 18+
Healthy People 2020 Objective Number: TU-1.1
Reduce tobacco use by adults: Cigarette smoking

Sorted by Percent
State
 sort alphabetically by name ascending
Met
Objective
of 12.0%?1
Percent 2
(95% Confidence Interval)
 sort by percent ascending
Number of Respondents with Screening or Risk Factor
United States No 16.0 N/A
West Virginia No 23.76 (22.19, 25.33) 1,042
Kentucky No 23.60 (22.03, 25.17) 1,577
Louisiana No 21.89 (20.24, 23.54) 856
Ohio No 20.77 (19.61, 21.93) 2,352
Mississippi No 20.42 (18.81, 22.03) 847
Alabama No 20.25 (18.92, 21.58) 1,158
Arkansas No 20.19 (18.50, 21.88) 825
Tennessee No 19.88 (18.43, 21.33) 1,131
Missouri No 19.63 (18.28, 20.98) 1,219
Indiana No 19.15 (18.03, 20.27) 1,366
Oklahoma No 18.88 (17.57, 20.19) 969
Michigan No 18.66 (17.56, 19.76) 1,552
North Carolina No 18.46 (16.99, 19.93) 681
Wyoming No 18.42 (16.68, 20.16) 610
South Dakota No 18.29 (16.23, 20.35) 1,025
Maine No 17.58 (16.35, 18.81) 1,569
South Carolina No 17.55 (16.28, 18.82) 1,031
Alaska No 17.39 (15.14, 19.64) 464
Pennsylvania No 17.29 (16.09, 18.49) 1,047
North Dakota No 17.03 (15.50, 18.56) 727
Montana No 16.61 (15.43, 17.79) 955
Iowa No 16.36 (15.46, 17.26) 1,393
Georgia No 16.32 (14.97, 17.67) 1,116
Kansas No 16.18 (15.24, 17.12) 1,513
New Mexico No 16.04 (14.63, 17.45) 826
Delaware No 15.91 (14.17, 17.65) 528
New Hampshire No 15.87 (14.40, 17.34) 683
Nevada No 15.68 (13.82, 17.54) 415
Wisconsin No 15.37 (13.92, 16.82) 622
Idaho No 15.34 (13.75, 16.93) 726
Vermont No 15.14 (13.65, 16.63) 759
Arizona No 14.92 (13.53, 16.31) 1,117
Florida No 14.78 (13.66, 15.90) 2,639
Nebraska No 14.68 (13.86, 15.50) 2,068
Texas No 14.68 (13.41, 15.95) 1,593
Minnesota No 14.63 (13.92, 15.34) 2,027
Illinois No 14.47 (13.29, 15.65) 686
Oregon No 14.47 (13.37, 15.57) 820
Virginia No 14.02 (13.06, 14.98) 1,295
Colorado No 13.48 (12.58, 14.38) 1,024
Rhode Island No 13.30 (11.99, 14.61) 731
District of Columbia No 12.74 (10.92, 14.56) 286
Maryland No 12.68 (11.88, 13.48) 1,922
New York No 12.65 (11.81, 13.49) 1,717
Washington No 12.65 (11.87, 13.43) 1,422
Hawaii No 12.26 (11.28, 13.24) 907
Connecticut No 12.07 (11.05, 13.09) 892
Massachusetts No 12.05 (11.05, 13.05) 828
California Yes 10.03 (9.30, 10.76) 1,102
Puerto Rico Yes 9.62 (8.60, 10.64) 499
Utah Yes 7.88 (7.23, 8.53) 826
New Jersey * * *
Notes:
Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 01/24/2021 8:08 am.
Data not available for this combination of data selections.

1 Healthy People 2020 Objectives are managed by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
2 2019 BRFSS Survey Data is the source for this data collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data for the US is a median and not a percent.

BRFSS Prevalence estimates presented here may vary from other published estimates due to differences in the methodology used to generate estimates.

Note: Healthy People 2020 Objectives are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population while these estimates are not age-adjusted.
Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.

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