Screening and Risk Factors Table

New: County level modeled estimates for breast or cervical screening, smoking, and colorectal screening.
  • How do you find them?

    These estimates are only available for

    • Mammogram in Past 2 Years, Age 40+
    • Pap Smear in Past 3 Years, No Hysterectomy, Ages 18+
    • Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Past 2 Years, Ages 50+
    • Ever Had Colorectal Endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy), Ages 50+
    • Ever Had Colorectal Cancer Test (home-based FOBT in the past two years or ever had a colorectal endoscopy), Ages 50+
    • Smokers (current or ever), Age 18+

    Select one of those statistics in the Screening and Risk Factors drop-down, and then you can choose County-Level Modeled Estimates in the Data Type drop-down when you choose Counties for a specific state (e.g., Alabama Counties) in the Area drop-down.

    For more about what these estimates are, see the Data Type Explanation.

  • Why are they different?

    One difference is that the direct estimate is from data collected in one year, while the modeled estimate relies on pooled data from 2008 through 2010.

    Another difference is that the modeled estimates use data from BRFSS as well as another survey (NHIS) that has a smaller but more representative sample, in that NHIS includes people without phones or with only cell phones. The national cancer screening prevalence estimates based on the BRFSS was sometimes substantially larger than the NHIS estimates for the same time period1. For similar time periods, the modeled estimates may be closer to the true value.

    See the Data Type Explanation.

    The model uses multiple years (2008-2010) to provide reasonable sample sizes (mainly for estimates at the county level), and needs at least two years of data from each survey. For the screening questions, data actually came from year 2008 and 2010. For smoking, data came from each year of 2008 to 2010.

    1 Davis WW, Parsons VL, Xie D, Schenker N, Town M, Raghunathan TE, Feuer EJ. State-based estimates of mammography screening rates based on information from two health surveys. Public Health Rep 2010 Jul-Aug;125(4):567-578. [Access article]

Data Options

Screening and Risk Factors Report by State
(Directly Estimated 2016 BRFSS Data)

Ever Smoked 100 Cigarettes
All Races (includes Hispanic), Both Sexes, Ages 18+
Healthy People 2020 Objective Number: n/a

Sorted by Percent
State
 sort alphabetically by name ascending
Met Objective?1
Percent 2
(95% Confidence Interval)
 sort by percent ascending
Number of Respondents with Screening or Risk Factor
United States n/a1 40.9 (40.6, 41.2) 201,774
Maine n/a1 51.8 (50.3, 53.4) 5,042
West Virginia n/a1 51.1 (49.7, 52.5) 3,490
Kentucky n/a1 49.3 (47.8, 50.8) 4,759
Missouri n/a1 48.4 (46.6, 50.2) 3,350
Arkansas n/a1 48.2 (45.7, 50.7) 2,417
Mississippi n/a1 46.4 (44.4, 48.3) 2,118
New Hampshire n/a1 46.4 (44.6, 48.3) 2,980
Michigan n/a1 46.3 (45.1, 47.4) 5,407
Ohio n/a1 46.2 (44.8, 47.6) 5,430
Alaska n/a1 46.1 (43.0, 49.1) 1,383
Montana n/a1 45.9 (44.1, 47.8) 2,767
South Carolina n/a1 45.9 (44.5, 47.2) 4,993
Tennessee n/a1 45.9 (44.1, 47.8) 2,772
Louisiana n/a1 45.8 (43.5, 48.0) 2,254
Indiana n/a1 45.7 (44.3, 47.1) 4,893
Vermont n/a1 45.7 (44.0, 47.4) 3,050
Alabama n/a1 45.4 (43.8, 47.0) 3,006
Wyoming n/a1 45.2 (42.9, 47.5) 1,979
North Dakota n/a1 44.6 (42.9, 46.4) 2,464
Wisconsin n/a1 44.6 (42.7, 46.5) 2,271
Delaware n/a1 44.5 (42.4, 46.7) 1,814
Oklahoma n/a1 44.5 (42.8, 46.1) 2,928
Pennsylvania n/a1 44.5 (42.9, 46.1) 2,869
South Dakota n/a1 44.4 (42.1, 46.7) 2,537
Oregon n/a1 43.3 (41.7, 44.9) 2,220
North Carolina n/a1 43.2 (41.7, 44.7) 2,851
Rhode Island n/a1 42.5 (40.6, 44.5) 2,500
New Mexico n/a1 42.3 (40.4, 44.2) 2,580
Iowa n/a1 42.1 (40.6, 43.6) 2,969
Florida n/a1 42.0 (41.0, 43.1) 16,512
Nebraska n/a1 41.6 (40.3, 42.9) 6,128
Kansas n/a1 41.3 (40.2, 42.5) 4,940
Minnesota n/a1 41.3 (40.4, 42.2) 6,887
Nevada n/a1 41.0 (38.8, 43.1) 1,875
Connecticut n/a1 40.7 (39.4, 42.0) 4,697
Washington n/a1 40.7 (39.6, 41.8) 5,834
Colorado n/a1 40.5 (39.4, 41.6) 5,712
Massachusetts n/a1 40.4 (38.9, 41.9) 3,491
Arizona n/a1 40.2 (38.7, 41.8) 4,710
Illinois n/a1 39.9 (38.2, 41.7) 1,908
Virginia n/a1 39.2 (37.9, 40.6) 3,652
Georgia n/a1 38.8 (37.1, 40.6) 2,131
Hawaii n/a1 38.4 (36.9, 40.0) 3,246
Idaho n/a1 38.0 (36.1, 40.0) 1,982
New Jersey n/a1 37.8 (36.1, 39.6) 3,097
New York n/a1 37.6 (36.5, 38.6) 15,177
Texas n/a1 37.3 (35.6, 39.0) 4,493
Maryland n/a1 37.2 (36.1, 38.3) 7,370
California n/a1 34.1 (32.9, 35.2) 3,753
District of Columbia n/a1 33.9 (32.0, 35.9) 1,429
Puerto Rico n/a1 27.4 (25.8, 29.1) 1,617
Utah n/a1 24.7 (23.6, 25.9) 2,657
Notes:
Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 12/18/2018 1:57 pm.

1 n/a - There is not a specific Healthy People 2020 Objective for this data item.
2 2016 BRFSS Survey Data is the source for this data collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

BRFSS Prevalence estimates presented here may vary from other published estimates due to differences in the methodology used to generate estimates.

Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.

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