Screening and Risk Factors Table

New: County level modeled estimates for breast or cervical screening, smoking, and colorectal screening.
  • How do you find them?

    These estimates are only available for

    • Mammogram in Past 2 Years, Ages 40+
    • Mammogram in Past 2 Years, Ages 50-75
    • Pap Smear in Past 3 Years, No Hysterectomy, Ages 18+
    • Had Colonoscopy in Past 10 Years, Ages 50-75
    • Guidance Sufficient CRC, Ages 50-75
    • Fecal occult blood test (FOBT), Ages 50-75
    • Smokers (current), Age 18+
    • Percent of Daily Smokers Who Stopped Smoking for 1 day or Longer in the Past 12 Months, Age 18+
    • Former Smoking Prevalence, Age 18+
    • Former Smoking Prevalence who Quit 1 Year, Age 18+
    • Percent of Workers in Non-Smoking Environments (All People)

    Select one of those statistics in the Screening and Risk Factors drop-down, and then you can choose County-Level Modeled Estimates in the Data Type drop-down when you choose Counties for a specific state (e.g., Alabama Counties) in the Area drop-down.

    For more about what these estimates are, see the Data Type Explanation.

  • Why are they different?

    One difference is that the direct estimate is from data collected in one year, while the modeled estimate relies on pooled data from 2017 through 2019 or 2018 through 2019.

    Another difference is that the modeled estimates use data from BRFSS as well as another survey (NHIS) that has a smaller but more representative sample, in that NHIS includes people without phones or with only cell phones. The national cancer screening prevalence estimates based on the BRFSS was sometimes substantially larger than the NHIS estimates for the same time period. For similar time periods, the modeled estimates may be closer to the true value.

    See the Data Type Explanation.

    The model uses multiple years (2008-2010) to provide reasonable sample sizes (mainly for estimates at the county level), and needs at least two years of data from each survey. For the screening questions, data actually came from year 2008 and 2010. For smoking, data came from each year of 2008 to 2010.

    1 Davis WW, Parsons VL, Xie D, Schenker N, Town M, Raghunathan TE, Feuer EJ. State-based estimates of mammography screening rates based on information from two health surveys. Public Health Rep 2010 Jul-Aug;125(4):567-578. [Access article]

Data Options

Screening and Risk Factors Report by State
(Directly Estimated 2020 BRFSS Data)

Had a Pap Smear in Past 3 Years and No Hysterectomy
All Races (includes Hispanic), Female, Ages 18+

Sorted by Percent
State
 sort alphabetically by name ascending
Percent 2
(95% Confidence Interval)
 sort by percent ascending
Number of Respondents with Screening or Risk Factor
United States 67.6 N/A
Mississippi 74.12 (71.75, 76.49) 1,531
Connecticut 73.98 (71.55, 76.41) 2,601
Puerto Rico 73.68 (70.58, 76.78) 1,701
District of Columbia 72.91 (69.56, 76.26) 996
North Carolina 72.51 (70.14, 74.88) 1,559
Louisiana 72.03 (68.80, 75.26) 1,021
New York 72.03 (70.34, 73.72) 4,216
Alabama 71.94 (69.18, 74.70) 1,284
New Jersey 71.82 (69.92, 73.72) 3,152
Maryland 71.44 (69.58, 73.30) 3,561
Kentucky 71.07 (67.99, 74.15) 899
Georgia 70.97 (68.15, 73.79) 2,022
Delaware 70.20 (66.99, 73.41) 1,049
Tennessee 70.06 (66.75, 73.37) 1,088
Virginia 69.86 (67.59, 72.13) 2,412
South Carolina 69.59 (66.45, 72.73) 924
Michigan 69.11 (66.88, 71.34) 1,829
Oregon 68.87 (66.48, 71.26) 1,334
Rhode Island 68.70 (65.51, 71.89) 1,531
West Virginia 68.66 (66.25, 71.07) 1,467
Maine 68.51 (66.31, 70.71) 2,597
California 68.33 (65.41, 71.25) 1,270
Florida 68.27 (65.15, 71.39) 2,393
Hawaii 68.24 (66.03, 70.45) 2,182
South Dakota 67.75 (63.89, 71.61) 1,603
Massachusetts 67.72 (65.23, 70.21) 2,057
Kansas 67.58 (65.60, 69.56) 2,272
Texas 67.39 (64.45, 70.33) 2,415
Missouri 67.27 (65.11, 69.43) 2,132
Pennsylvania 67.12 (64.24, 70.00) 1,356
Nebraska 66.91 (64.97, 68.85) 3,250
Ohio 66.78 (64.82, 68.74) 3,362
Nevada 66.69 (62.38, 71.00) 541
Colorado 66.42 (64.52, 68.32) 2,260
New Mexico 65.99 (63.01, 68.97) 1,560
Wisconsin 65.94 (62.88, 69.00) 1,172
New Hampshire 65.91 (63.21, 68.61) 1,462
Arkansas 65.90 (62.39, 69.41) 917
Iowa 65.89 (63.95, 67.83) 2,221
Indiana 65.80 (63.57, 68.03) 1,872
Arizona 65.43 (63.16, 67.70) 2,138
Minnesota 65.38 (63.83, 66.93) 3,870
Montana 65.36 (62.83, 67.89) 1,359
Oklahoma 64.94 (62.04, 67.84) 1,049
North Dakota 63.95 (60.46, 67.44) 894
Illinois 63.63 (60.00, 67.26) 904
Wyoming 63.40 (59.70, 67.10) 820
Vermont 63.19 (60.31, 66.07) 1,647
Utah 62.94 (60.90, 64.98) 2,223
Washington 62.85 (60.99, 64.71) 2,788
Idaho 62.37 (59.29, 65.45) 1,182
Alaska 61.39 (57.12, 65.66) 776
Notes:
Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 12/11/2023 5:35 pm.

2 2020 BRFSS Survey Data is the source for this data collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data for the US is a median and not a percent.

BRFSS Prevalence estimates presented here may vary from other published estimates due to differences in the methodology used to generate estimates.

Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.

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