Screening and Risk Factors Table

New: County level modeled estimates for breast or cervical screening, smoking, and colorectal screening.
  • How do you find them?

    These estimates are only available for

    • Mammogram in Past 2 Years, Age 40+
    • Pap Smear in Past 3 Years, No Hysterectomy, Ages 18+
    • Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Past 2 Years, Ages 50+
    • Ever Had Colorectal Endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy), Ages 50+
    • Ever Had Colorectal Cancer Test (home-based FOBT in the past two years or ever had a colorectal endoscopy), Ages 50+
    • Smokers (current or ever), Age 18+

    Select one of those statistics in the Screening and Risk Factors drop-down, and then you can choose County-Level Modeled Estimates in the Data Type drop-down when you choose Counties for a specific state (e.g., Alabama Counties) in the Area drop-down.

    For more about what these estimates are, see the Data Type Explanation.

  • Why are they different?

    One difference is that the direct estimate is from data collected in one year, while the modeled estimate relies on pooled data from 2008 through 2010.

    Another difference is that the modeled estimates use data from BRFSS as well as another survey (NHIS) that has a smaller but more representative sample, in that NHIS includes people without phones or with only cell phones. The national cancer screening prevalence estimates based on the BRFSS was sometimes substantially larger than the NHIS estimates for the same time period1. For similar time periods, the modeled estimates may be closer to the true value.

    See the Data Type Explanation.

    The model uses multiple years (2008-2010) to provide reasonable sample sizes (mainly for estimates at the county level), and needs at least two years of data from each survey. For the screening questions, data actually came from year 2008 and 2010. For smoking, data came from each year of 2008 to 2010.

    1 Davis WW, Parsons VL, Xie D, Schenker N, Town M, Raghunathan TE, Feuer EJ. State-based estimates of mammography screening rates based on information from two health surveys. Public Health Rep 2010 Jul-Aug;125(4):567-578. [Access article]

Data Options

Screening and Risk Factors Report by State
(Directly Estimated 2018 BRFSS Data)

Pap Test in Past 3 Years, No Hysterectomy
All Races (includes Hispanic), Female, Ages 21-65
Healthy People 2020 Objective Number: C-15
Increase the proportion of women who receive a cervical cancer screening based on the most recent guidelines

Sorted by Percent
State
 sort alphabetically by name ascending
Met
Objective
of 93.0%?1
Percent 2
(95% Confidence Interval)
 sort by percent ascending
Number of Respondents with Screening or Risk Factor
United States No 80.2 N/A
Louisiana No 85.36 (82.77, 87.95) 1,118
Virginia No 84.19 (82.29, 86.09) 2,406
Connecticut No 84.11 (82.21, 86.01) 2,486
Wisconsin No 84.00 (81.43, 86.57) 1,001
Michigan No 83.80 (82.06, 85.54) 2,285
New Hampshire No 83.60 (81.09, 86.11) 1,224
Rhode Island No 83.26 (80.56, 85.96) 1,309
Massachusetts No 83.15 (80.97, 85.33) 1,601
Mississippi No 83.02 (80.67, 85.37) 1,236
Delaware No 82.87 (80.05, 85.69) 1,145
Hawaii No 82.80 (80.64, 84.96) 1,815
Minnesota No 82.78 (81.47, 84.09) 3,866
Maine No 82.69 (80.42, 84.96) 2,063
North Carolina No 82.24 (79.67, 84.81) 1,079
Georgia No 82.11 (80.27, 83.95) 1,968
Tennessee No 81.83 (78.91, 84.75) 1,048
Maryland No 81.55 (79.79, 83.31) 3,678
South Carolina No 81.36 (79.30, 83.42) 1,953
District of Columbia No 81.27 (78.19, 84.35) 986
Nebraska No 81.02 (79.12, 82.92) 2,859
Iowa No 80.86 (78.90, 82.82) 1,907
Alabama No 80.65 (77.83, 83.47) 1,259
Indiana No 80.63 (78.34, 82.92) 1,391
New York No 80.51 (79.00, 82.02) 8,112
Arkansas No 80.24 (77.12, 83.36) 796
Kentucky No 80.23 (77.68, 82.78) 1,710
West Virginia No 80.04 (77.32, 82.76) 996
Missouri No 79.98 (77.00, 82.96) 1,105
Florida No 79.81 (77.38, 82.24) 2,781
Illinois No 79.44 (76.99, 81.89) 1,214
Puerto Rico No 79.32 (76.97, 81.67) 1,372
Ohio No 79.31 (77.17, 81.45) 2,596
California No 78.98 (77.06, 80.90) 2,714
Kansas No 78.74 (76.70, 80.78) 1,953
North Dakota No 78.73 (75.32, 82.14) 873
Oregon No 78.66 (76.27, 81.05) 1,315
Nevada No 78.52 (74.36, 82.68) 621
Arizona No 78.13 (75.23, 81.03) 1,469
New Jersey No 78.10 (73.47, 82.73) 735
Pennsylvania No 77.98 (75.24, 80.72) 1,384
Wyoming No 77.50 (74.29, 80.71) 754
Vermont No 77.46 (74.64, 80.28) 1,424
Texas No 77.28 (74.16, 80.40) 2,107
New Mexico No 77.05 (74.40, 79.70) 1,296
Montana No 76.78 (73.47, 80.09) 928
Colorado No 76.77 (74.63, 78.91) 1,661
Oklahoma No 76.52 (73.64, 79.40) 928
Alaska No 76.50 (72.21, 80.79) 551
Washington No 76.38 (74.44, 78.32) 2,479
South Dakota No 75.27 (70.86, 79.68) 1,365
Utah No 72.65 (70.61, 74.69) 2,182
Idaho No 70.67 (66.59, 74.75) 547
Notes:
Created by statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov on 10/16/2021 8:42 pm.

1 Healthy People 2020 Objectives are managed by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
2 2018 BRFSS Survey Data is the source for this data collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data for the US is a median and not a percent.

BRFSS Prevalence estimates presented here may vary from other published estimates due to differences in the methodology used to generate estimates.

Note: Healthy People 2020 Objectives are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population while these estimates are not age-adjusted.
Data for United States does not include Puerto Rico.

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